Glioblastoma - actual knowledge and future perspectives Review article

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Dominik Bilicki
Mikołaj Zbrożek
Marta Fudalej
Andrzej Deptała
Anna Badowska-Kozakiewicz

Abstract

Glioblastoma is the most severe IV-class glioma and therefore the prognosis for patients remains poor despite some improvement in the treatment area. The neurological or psychiatric symptoms especially fast-developing ones should be fully investigated. This article aims to summarize actual knowledge of glioblastoma and present future perspectives. The underlying causes are usually associated with mutations of EGFR, PTEN, IDH1, p53 genes. The MRI scan, MGMT promoter methylation status, GFAP immunohistochemical detection and Karnofsky performance status are valuable diagnostic tools and some other potential biomarkers with high specificity are proposed. The standard of care is surgery and Stupp protocol which is the combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy with temozolomide. Nevertheless, after remission the treatment possibilities are limited. Many efforts have been devoted to elaborate novel therapeutic strategies using e.g. CAR-T cells, nanoparticles, monoclonal antibodies, miRNA, siRNA or proteasome inhibitors.

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1.
Bilicki D, Zbrożek M, Fudalej M, Deptała A, Badowska-Kozakiewicz A. Glioblastoma - actual knowledge and future perspectives. OncoReview [Internet]. 2022Sep.8 [cited 2022Oct.4];12(2(46):35-4. Available from: https://journalsmededu.pl/index.php/OncoReview/article/view/1795
Section
PERSONALIZED ONCOLOGY

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