The study aims to monitor the alder pollen season in selected Polish cities: Bialystok, Cracow, Lublin, Olsztyn, Opole, Piotrkow Trybunalski, Sosnowiec, Szczecin, Warsaw, Wroclaw and Zielona Gora in 2021. Pollen concentrations were recorded by volumetric method using a Burkard-type sampler operating in a continuous volumetric mode. Alder pollen season, defined as the period with 98% of the annual total catch, started in 3rd decade of February in all monitoring sites. There was a marked variation in duration of the season between the sites. It lasted from 31 in Cracow to 54 days in Bialystok (38 days on average). The highest peak daily alder pollen concentrations were observed in Wroclaw (1879 grains/m3) on February 26th). The longest exposure to high concentrations of alder pollen, lasting 22–24 days, was detected in Zielona Gora, Piotrkow Trybunalski and Olsztyn. The alder pollen season in 2021, compared to the previous year, was longer, with higher average sum of daily concentrations over the season, higher maximum daily concentrations and longer exposure to high pollen concentrations at most monitoring sites.
Utwór dostępny jest na licencji Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa – Użycie niekomercyjne 4.0 Międzynarodowe.
Copyright: © Medical Education sp. z o.o. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0). License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material, provided the original work is properly cited and states its license.
Address reprint requests to: Medical Education, Marcin Kuźma (firstname.lastname@example.org)
2. Zając A, Zając M (ed). Distribution Atlas of Vascular Plant of Poland. Pracownia Chorologii Komputerowej, Instytut Botaniki UJ, Cracow 2001.
3. Puc M, Kasprzyk I. The patterns of Corylus and Alnus pollen seasons and pollination periods in two Polish cities located in different climatic regions. Aerobiologia. 2013; 29: 495-511.
4. Burbach GJ, Heinzerling LM, Edenharter G et al. GA(2)LEN skin test study II: clinical relevance of inhalant allergen sensitizations in Europe. Allergy. 2009; 64: 1507‐15.
5. Matricardi PM, Kleine-Tebbe J, Hoffmann HJ et al. EAACI Molecular Allergology. User’s Guide. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2016; 27(suppl 23): 1-250.
6. Werfel T, Asero R, Ballmer-Weber BK et al. Position paper of the EAACI: food allergy due to immunological cross-reactions with common inhalant allergens. Allergy. 2015; 70: 1079-90.
7. Mandrioli P, Comtois P, Dominguez Vilches E et al. Sampling: Principles and Techniques. In: Mandrioli P, Comtois P, Levizzani V (ed). Methods in Aerobiology. Pitagora Editrice, Bologna 1998: 47-112.
8. Emberlin J, Savage M, Jones S. Annual variations in grass pollen seasons in London 1961-1990: trends and forecast models. Clin Exp Allergy. 1993; 23(11): 911-8.
9. Galan C, Artaitti A, Bonnini M et al. Recommended terminology for aerobiological studies. Aerobiologia. 2017; 33: 293-5.
10. Rapiejko P, Stankiewicz W, Szczygielski K et al. Threshold pollen count necessary to evoke allergic symptoms. Otolaryngol Pol. 2007; 61(4): 591-4.
11. Malkiewicz M, Piotrowska-Weryszko K, Puc M et al. Alder pollen season in selected cities of Poland in 2020. Alergoprofil. 2020; 16(2): 25-30.
12. Malkiewicz M, Puc M, Stacewicz A et al. Alder pollen season in selected cities of Poland in 2019. Alergoprofil. 2019; 15(1): 22-6.
13. Puc M, Lipiec A, Kotrych D et al. Alder pollen season in northern Poland in 2017. Alergoprofil. 2017; 13(2): 77-80.
14. Piotrowska-Weryszko K, Rapiejko P, Weryszko-Chmielewska E et al. Alnus pollen season in selected cities of Poland in 2017. Alergoprofil. 2017; 13(2): 81-4.
15. Puc M, Rapiejko P, Lipiec A et al. The analysis of alder pollen season in northern Poland in 2016. Alergoprofil. 2016; 12(2): 92-6.