Capsular bag distension syndrome: an uncommon complication following cataract surgery Review article

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Piotr Kanclerz
Katarzyna Przewłócka


Capsular bag distension syndrome is an uncommon complication following cataract extraction, which may occur even several years after surgery. The main symptoms include a gradual or sudden development of myopia and – in cases with opaque intracapsular fluid – a decrease in visual acuity. Anterior segment-optical coherence tomography is useful in confirming the diagnosis, however, Scheimpflug imaging or ultrasound biomicroscopy can also be considered. Nd:YAG posterior (or anterior) capsulotomy is an established treatment method. An advantage of surgical treatment is the feasibility of removing the intracapsular fluid completely. This article presents the modern classification, diagnostic methods and principles of management in the capsular bag distension syndrome.

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Kanclerz P, Przewłócka K. Capsular bag distension syndrome: an uncommon complication following cataract surgery. Ophthatherapy [Internet]. 2020Mar.31 [cited 2020Nov.24];7(1):46-0. Available from:
Surgery and laser therapy


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