Surgical treatment of thyroid orbitopathy Review article

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Mateusz Zabochnicki
Wojciech Szaraniec
Dorota Pojda-Wilczek


Thyroid Orbitopathy is manifestation of Grave’s Disease that affects eyes and orbital area. It occurs in the active and inactive phase, during which different signs are presented. When Thyroid Orbitopathy reaches its advanced phase it should be operated, to avoid complications like proptosis or optic nerve neuropathy. Usually, the first choice is orbital fat decompression. However, it is often not enough and bony decompression is necessary. Surgery of the strabismus is also crucial for patient’s quality of life. Its aim is to restore visual field as wide as it is possible. Last step in surgical interventions is eyelid correction to prevent keratopathy and improve esthetic aspects.


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Zabochnicki M, Szaraniec W, Pojda-Wilczek D. Surgical treatment of thyroid orbitopathy. Ophthatherapy [Internet]. 2023Sep.30 [cited 2023Dec.4];10(3):222-30. Available from:
Surgery and laser therapy


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