Dysbiosis of the ocular surface – a new risk factor for ophthalmic diseases? The role of eyelid hygiene Review article

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Janusz Skrzypecki


Quantitative and qualitative disturbances in the composition of the ocular surface microbiome can be a significant risk factor for the development of various ophthalmic disorders, including eyelid inflammation, dry eye syndrome, and allergic conjunctivitis. In this publication, we present a review of the data regarding the association between dysbiosis and these mentioned clinical conditions. Additionally, we provide recommendations for the treatment of dysbiosis, including eyelid hygiene.


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Skrzypecki J. Dysbiosis of the ocular surface – a new risk factor for ophthalmic diseases? The role of eyelid hygiene. Ophthatherapy [Internet]. 2023Jun.30 [cited 2023Sep.24];10(2):97-102. Available from: https://journalsmededu.pl/index.php/ophthatherapy/article/view/2800
Conservative treatment


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