Myopia differential diagnosis Review article

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Katarzyna Perz-Juszczyszyn


Due to the prevalence and the possibility of myopia progression, myopia is currently of particular interest to many specialists in both the field of optometry and ophthalmology. In the initial diagnosis of the patient, it is important to determine whether the refractive error is isolated or if it coexists with other eye disorders/diseases or general health problems. This refractive error can be divided into axial and refractive myopia. In the latter case, the change in refraction may result from too great curvature of the cornea in relation to the length of the eyeball, or an increase in the optical curvatures other than the anterior surface of the cornea, or an increase in the refractive index of at least one of the optical structures, or a shallower anterior chamber of the eye. It is also worth distinguishing myopia associated with complex syndromes.

Uncorrected myopia can significantly hinder daily functioning. It is therefore important to detect it as early as possible, correct it properly.


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Perz-Juszczyszyn K. Myopia differential diagnosis. Ophthatherapy [Internet]. 2022Mar.31 [cited 2022May20];9(1):23-8. Available from:


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